Cats are among the most cunning animals that we humans take care of, and we love them for all the right reasons. We also fall under their charms and adorable characters, and we find ourselves helpless once they start looking at us with their big enchanting eyes.
Speaking of eyes, have you ever wondered what cats see? Sure, we’ve heard stories about them seeing dead people and other supernatural beings, but aside from those, how do cats really use their vision? According to studies, cats have way better vision than dogs, and they use their eyesight to guide them in various situations.
To answer this age-old question, here are the insights on how cats use their… eyesight:
1. Field view of 200 degrees.
Cats see the world (literally) in a wider range. If we humans only have a field view of 180 degrees, they have a full 200 degree vision range. Yes, they are able to see everything around them in a wider scale. So yes, when cat eyes are facing forward, be amused-it’s because their eyes allow better depth perception than we normally do.
The eyes of a cat are also extremely sensitive; they are more vulnerable to dust and residue. However, since they are protected by surrounding fur, they don’t need to blink in order to lubricate their eyes.
2. Cats can see in the dark.
Since our feline friends are natural born nocturnes, they are able to see in the dark. In fact, their vision becomes more active at night whenever they get enough sleep-which they do during the day.
Since cats are over 8 times more sensitive to any type of movement, they are able spot motions happening when inside a dark room. Their vision also allows them to catch their pray when they are in the dark.
Cats can see in total darkness mainly because they have 6-8 times more rod cells in their retinas compared to the human eyes. These rod cells are photoreceptor cells, which enables us to find light at really low levels. So yes, since our feline friends have significantly more photoreceptor cells than us, they are more sensitive to light and easily detect it in the middle of the dark.
3. They also detect colours.
Contrary to popular belief, cats can see more than the fifty or so shades of grey. In fact, they also have cone cells, which allow them to detect and distinguish colours. However, they have limited cone cells, and during their early stages of growth they are somewhat colour-blind. But still, cats are able to detect blues and violets, but not so much on the reds.
4. The use of vertical pupils.
Cats have vertical pupils, and these make them extra-sensitive to light. At the same time, their slit-like pupils help a lot in controlling the amount of light passing through their retinas. And just like cameras, the vertical pupils become more useful during the night.
But hey, not all cats have vertical pupils. While these are common on domesticated cats and feral felines, big cats such as tigers and lions only have round pupils, thus their night vision tends to be limited.
Don’t worry, though: when it comes to cat love, your furry kitties see more than what meets their eyes. Yes, regardless of what they see, when they love you, they love you. No question about that!